Futurism in Literature

This current leader and chief of the Italian poet, novelist, playwright and Filippo Tommaso Marinetti was the publication director. Marinetti in 1909 in Paris, “Le Figaro” newspaper published a manifesto in futurisit (Futurism Declaration) was the manifesto of futurism. In a statement, “We museums, libraries destroyed whether moralism, feminism, and all utilitarian cowardice will fight” was called. It was a denial of the past in its entirety. In the same statement, “We only really healthy thing in the world, that we glorify war and nice thoughts that leads to death” words, at that time in the political field since emerging from fascism were a clear indication of the attitude.

Speed ​​of the superiority claims and proclaimed Marinetti, a racecar of Samothrace victory (Greek sculpture) from the more beautiful it is, and in addition: “Surely we are living in,” because everywhere immanent, the “literary speed, we created.” he said.

Marinetti, founder of Futurism in Europe has affected many authors. Mayakovsky Velemir Hlebinikov in Russia and came to Futurism. Russian futurists have published their manifesto. Pushkin, Tolstoy, Dostoevsky was rejected. The use of street language in poetry was asked. After the revolution of 1917, the futurist movement was strengthened. Mayakovsky’s influence continued until his death.

Futuristic first in Italy in 1912 and has released an anthology of poetry. Futurism was identified with fascism. And towards the middle of the 1920s has lost its influence. Refuses to engage in logical sentence in the works of the futurist password, the word “freedom for”. Ezra Pound, DH Lawrence and Giovanni Papini authors who are affected by this current.

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